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ui.txt  	Nvim


Nvim UI protocol					UI ui

                                      Type gO to see the table of contents.

UI Events						ui-events

UIs can be implemented as external client processes communicating with Nvim
over the RPC API. The default UI model is a terminal-like grid with a single,
monospace font. The UI can opt-in to have windows drawn on separate grids, and
have some elements ("widgets") presented by the UI itself rather than by Nvim

Call nvim_ui_attach() to tell Nvim that your program wants to draw the Nvim
screen grid with a size of width × height cells. This is typically done by an
embedder at startup (see ui-startup), but UIs can also connect to a running
Nvim instance and invoke nvim_ui_attach(). The options parameter is a map
with these (optional) keys:

- rgb  			Decides the color format.
			- true: (default) 24-bit RGB colors
			- false: Terminal colors (8-bit, max 256)

- override  		Decides how UI capabilities are resolved.
			- true: Enable requested UI capabilities, even if not
			  supported by all connected UIs (including TUI).
			- false: (default) Disable UI capabilities not
			  supported by all connected UIs (including TUI).

- ext_cmdline  		Externalize the cmdline. ui-cmdline
- ext_hlstate  		Detailed highlight state. ui-hlstate
			Sets ext_linegrid implicitly.
- ext_linegrid  	Line-based grid events. ui-linegrid
			Deactivates ui-grid-old implicitly.
- ext_messages  	Externalize messages. ui-messages
			Sets ext_linegrid and ext_cmdline implicitly.
- ext_multigrid  	Per-window grid events. ui-multigrid
			Sets ext_linegrid implicitly.
- ext_popupmenu  	Externalize popupmenu-completion and
			'wildmenu'. ui-popupmenu
- ext_tabline  		Externalize the tabline. ui-tabline
- ext_termcolors  	Use external default colors.
- term_name  		Sets the name of the terminal 'term'.
- term_colors  		Sets the number of supported colors 't_Co'.
- stdin_fd  		Read buffer 1 from this fd as if it were stdin --.
			Only from --embed UI on startup. ui-startup-stdin
- stdin_tty  		Tells if stdin is a tty or not.
- stdout_tty  		Tells if stdout is a tty or not.

Specifying an unknown option is an error; UIs can check the api-metadata
ui_options key for supported options.

By default Nvim requires all connected UIs to support the same capabilities,
thus the active capabilities are the intersection of those requested. UIs may
specify ui-override to invert this behavior (useful for debugging). The
"option_set" event announces which capabilities are active.

Nvim sends RPC notifications to all attached UIs, with method name "redraw"
and a single argument: an array (batch) of screen "update events". Each update
event is itself an array whose first element is the event name and remaining
elements are event-parameter tuples. Thus multiple events of the same kind can
be sent contiguously without repeating the event name.

Example of a typical "redraw" batch in a single RPC notification: 

    ['notification', 'redraw',
	['grid_resize', [2, 77, 36]],
	  [2, 0, 0, [[' ' , 0, 77]], false],
	  [2, 1, 0, [['~', 7], [' ', 7, 76]], false],
	  [2, 9, 0, [['~', 7], [' ', 7, 76]], false],
	  [2, 35, 0, [['~', 7], [' ', 7, 76]], false],
	  [1, 36, 0, [['[', 9], ['N'], ['o'], [' '], ['N'], ['a'], ['m'], ['e'], [']']], false],
	  [1, 36, 9, [[' ', 9, 50]], false],
	  [1, 36, 59, [['0', 9], [','], ['0'], ['-' ], ['1'], [' ', 9, 10], ['A'], ['l', 9, 2]], false]
	['msg_showmode', [[]]],
	['win_pos', [2, 1000, 0, 0, 77, 36]],
	['grid_cursor_goto', [2, 0, 0]],
	['flush', []]

Events must be handled in-order. Nvim sends a "flush" event when it has
completed a redraw of the entire screen (so all windows have a consistent view
of buffer state, options, etc.). Multiple "redraw" batches may be sent before
the entire screen has been redrawn, with "flush" following only the last
batch. The user should only see the final state (when "flush" is sent), not
any intermediate state while processing part of the batch array, nor after
a batch not ending with "flush".

By default, Nvim sends ui-global and ui-grid-old events (for backwards
compatibility); these suffice to implement a terminal-like interface. However
the new ui-linegrid represents text more efficiently (especially highlighted
text), and allows UI capabilities requiring multiple grids. New UIs should
implement ui-linegrid instead of ui-grid-old.

Nvim optionally sends various screen elements "semantically" as structured
events instead of raw grid-lines, as specified by ui-ext-options. The UI
must present such elements itself, Nvim will not draw them on the grid.

Future versions of Nvim may add new update kinds and may append new parameters
to existing update kinds. Clients must be prepared to ignore such extensions,
for forward-compatibility. api-contract

UI startup							   ui-startup

UI embedders (clients that start Nvim with --embed and later call
nvim_ui_attach()) must start Nvim without --headless: >bash
    nvim --embed
Nvim will pause before loading startup files and reading buffers, so the UI
has a chance to invoke requests and do early initialization. Startup will
continue as soon as the UI invokes nvim_ui_attach().

A simple UI only needs to do a single nvim_ui_attach() request and then
prepare to handle any UI event. A more featureful UI, which might need
additional configuration of the Nvim process, should use the following startup

1. Invoke nvim_get_api_info(), if needed to setup the client library and/or
   to get the list of supported UI extensions.

2. Do any configuration that should be happen before user config is loaded.
   Buffers and windows are not available at this point, but this could be used
   to set g: variables visible to init.vim

3. If the UI wants to do additional setup after user config is loaded,
   register a VimEnter autocmd: 
      nvim_command("autocmd VimEnter * call rpcrequest(1, 'vimenter')")

4. Now invoke nvim_ui_attach(). The UI must handle user input by now:
   sourcing init.vim and loading buffers might lead to blocking prompts.

5. If step 3 was used, Nvim will send a blocking "vimenter" request to the UI.
   Inside this request handler, the UI can safely do any initialization before
   entering normal mode, for example reading variables set by init.vim.

An UI can support the native read from stdin feature as invoked with
`command | nvim -` for the builtin TUI. --
The embedding process can detect that its stdin is open to a file which
not is a terminal, just like Nvim does. It then needs to forward this fd
to Nvim. As fd=0 is already is used to send rpc data from the embedder to
Nvim, it needs to use some other file descriptor, like fd=3 or higher.

Then, stdin_fd option should be passed to nvim_ui_attach and Nvim will
implicitly read it as a buffer. This option can only be used when Nvim is
launched with --embed option, as described above.

Global Events							    ui-global

The following UI events are always emitted, and describe global state of
the editor.

["set_title", title] 
["set_icon", icon] 
	Set the window title, and icon (minimized) window title, respectively.
	In windowing systems not distinguishing between the two, "set_icon"
	can be ignored.

["mode_info_set", cursor_style_enabled, mode_info] 
	cursor_style_enabled is a boolean indicating if the UI should set
	the cursor style. mode_info is a list of mode property maps. The
	current mode is given by the mode_idx field of the mode_change

	Each mode property map may contain these keys:

	cursor_shape:  	"block", "horizontal", "vertical"
	cell_percentage: Cell % occupied by the cursor.
	blinkwait, blinkon, blinkoff: See cursor-blinking.
	attr_id:  	Cursor attribute id (defined by hl_attr_define).
			When attr_id is 0, the background and foreground
			colors should be swapped.
	attr_id_lm:  	Cursor attribute id for when :lmap is on.
	short_name:  	Mode code name, see 'guicursor'.
	name:  		Mode descriptive name.
	mouse_shape:  	(To be implemented.)

	Some keys are missing in some modes.

	The following keys are deprecated:

	hl_id:  	Use attr_id instead.
	id_lm:  	Use attr_id_lm instead.

["option_set", name, value] 
	UI-related option changed, where name is one of:

	- 'arabicshape'
	- 'ambiwidth'
	- 'emoji'
	- 'guifont'
	- 'guifontwide'
	- 'linespace'
	- 'mousefocus'
	- 'mousehide'
	- 'mousemoveevent'
	- 'pumblend'
	- 'showtabline'
	- 'termguicolors'
	- "ext_*" (all ui-ext-options)

	Triggered when the UI first connects to Nvim, and whenever an option
	is changed by the user or a plugin.

	Options are not represented here if their effects are communicated in
	other UI events. For example, instead of forwarding the 'mouse' option
	value, the "mouse_on" and "mouse_off" UI events directly indicate if
	mouse support is active. Some options like 'ambiwidth' have already
	taken effect on the grid, where appropriate empty cells are added,
	however a UI might still use such options when rendering raw text
	sent from Nvim, like for ui-cmdline.

["chdir", path] 
	The current-directory of the embedded Nvim process changed to

["mode_change", mode, mode_idx] 
	Editor mode changed.  The mode parameter is a string representing
	the current mode. mode_idx is an index into the array emitted in
	the mode_info_set event. UIs should change the cursor style
	according to the properties specified in the corresponding item. The
	set of modes reported will change in new versions of Nvim, for
	instance more submodes and temporary states might be represented as
	separate modes.

	'mouse' was enabled/disabled in the current editor mode. Useful for
	a terminal UI, or embedding into an application where Nvim mouse would
	conflict with other usages of the mouse. Other UI:s may ignore this event.

	Indicates to the UI that it must stop rendering the cursor. This event
	is misnamed and does not actually have anything to do with busyness.

	:suspend command or CTRL-Z mapping is used. A terminal client (or
	another client where it makes sense) could suspend itself.  Other
	clients can safely ignore it.

	The menu mappings changed.

	Notify the user with an audible or visual bell, respectively.

	Nvim is done redrawing the screen. For an implementation that renders
	to an internal buffer, this is the time to display the redrawn parts
	to the user.

Grid Events (line-based)					  ui-linegrid

Activated by the ext_linegrid ui-option. Recommended for all new UIs.
Deactivates ui-grid-old implicitly.

The biggest change compared to ui-grid-old is to use a single grid_line
event to update the contents of a screen line (whereas the old protocol used
a combination of cursor, highlight and text events)

Most of these events take a grid index as first parameter.  Grid 1 is the
global grid used by default for the entire editor screen state. The
ext_linegrid capability by itself will never cause any additional grids to
be created; to enable per-window grids, activate ui-multigrid.

Highlight attribute groups are predefined. UIs should maintain a table to map
numerical highlight ids to the actual attributes.

["grid_resize", grid, width, height] 
	Resize a grid. If grid wasn't seen by the client before, a new grid is
	being created with this size.

["default_colors_set", rgb_fg, rgb_bg, rgb_sp, cterm_fg, cterm_bg] 
	The first three arguments set the default foreground, background and
	special colors respectively. cterm_fg and cterm_bg specifies the
	default color codes to use in a 256-color terminal.

	The RGB values will always be valid colors, by default. If no
	colors have been set, they will default to black and white, depending
	on 'background'. By setting the ext_termcolors option, instead
	-1 will be used for unset colors. This is mostly useful for a TUI
	implementation, where using the terminal builtin ("ANSI") defaults
	are expected.

	Note: Unlike the corresponding ui-grid-old events, the screen is not
	always cleared after sending this event. The UI must repaint the
	screen with changed background color itself.

["hl_attr_define", id, rgb_attr, cterm_attr, info] 
	Add a highlight with id  to the highlight table, with the
	attributes specified by the rgb_attr and cterm_attr dicts, with the
	following (all optional) keys.

	foreground:  		foreground color.
	background:  		background color.
	special:  		color to use for various underlines, when
	reverse:  		reverse video. Foreground and background colors
				are switched.
	italic:  		italic text.
	bold:  			bold text.
	strikethrough:  	struckthrough text.
	underline:  		underlined text. The line has special color.
	undercurl:  		undercurled text. The curl has special color.
	underdouble:  		double underlined text. The lines have special color.
	underdotted:  		underdotted text. The dots have special color.
	underdashed:  		underdashed text. The dashes have special color.
	altfont:  		alternative font.
	blend:  		blend level (0-100). Could be used by UIs to
				support blending floating windows to the
				background or to signal a transparent cursor.
	url:  			URL associated with this highlight. UIs should
				present the region as a clickable hyperlink.

	For absent color keys the default color should be used. Don't store
	the default value in the table, rather a sentinel value, so that
	a changed default color will take effect.
	All boolean keys default to false, and will only be sent when they
	are true.

	Highlights are always transmitted both for both the RGB format and as
	terminal 256-color codes, as the rgb_attr and cterm_attr parameters
	respectively. The ui-rgb option has no effect anymore.
	Most external UIs will only need to store and use the rgb_attr

	id 0 will always be used for the default highlight with colors defined
	by default_colors_set and no styles applied.

	Note: Nvim may reuse id values if its internal highlight table is full.
	In that case Nvim will always issue redraws of screen cells that are
	affected by redefined ids, so UIs do not need to keep track of this

	info is an empty array by default, and will be used by the
	ui-hlstate extension explained below.

["hl_group_set", name, hl_id] 
	The built-in highlight group name was set to use the attributes hl_id
	defined by a previous hl_attr_define call. This event is not needed
	to render the grids which use attribute ids directly, but is useful
	for a UI who want to render its own elements with consistent
	highlighting. For instance a UI using ui-popupmenu events, might
	use the hl-Pmenu family of builtin highlights.

["grid_line", grid, row, col_start, cells, wrap] 
	Redraw a continuous part of a row on a grid, starting at the column
	col_start. cells is an array of arrays each with 1 to 3 items:
	`[text(, hl_id, repeat)]` . text is the UTF-8 text that should be put in
	a cell, with the highlight hl_id defined by a previous hl_attr_define
	call.  If hl_id is not present the most recently seen hl_id in
	the same call should be used (it is always sent for the first
	cell in the event). If repeat is present, the cell should be
	repeated repeat times (including the first time), otherwise just

	The right cell of a double-width char will be represented as the empty
	string. Double-width chars never use repeat.

	If the array of cell changes doesn't reach to the end of the line, the
	rest should remain unchanged. A whitespace char, repeated
	enough to cover the remaining line, will be sent when the rest of the
	line should be cleared.

	wrap is a boolean indicating that this line wraps to the next row.
	When redrawing a line which wraps to the next row, Nvim will emit a
	grid_line event covering the last column of the line with wrap set
	to true, followed immediately by a grid_line event starting at the
	first column of the next row.

["grid_clear", grid] 
	Clear a grid.

["grid_destroy", grid] 
	grid will not be used anymore and the UI can free any data associated
	with it.

["grid_cursor_goto", grid, row, column] 
	Makes grid the current grid and `row, column` the cursor position on this
	grid.  This event will be sent at most once in a redraw batch and
	indicates the visible cursor position.

["grid_scroll", grid, top, bot, left, right, rows, cols] 
	Scroll a region of grid. This is semantically unrelated to editor
	scrolling, rather this is an optimized way to say "copy these screen

	The following diagrams show what happens per scroll direction.
	"===" represents the SR (scroll region) boundaries.
	"---" represents the moved rectangles.
	Note that dst and src share a common region.

	If rows is bigger than 0, move a rectangle in the SR up, this can
	happen while scrolling down.

		| (clipped above SR)      |            ^
		|=========================| dst_top    |
		| dst (still in SR)       |            |
		+-------------------------+ src_top    |
		| src (moved up) and dst  |            |
		|-------------------------| dst_bot    |
		| src (invalid)           |            |
		+=========================+ src_bot

	If rows is less than zero, move a rectangle in the SR down, this can
	happen while scrolling up.

		+=========================+ src_top
		| src (invalid)           |            |
		|------------------------ | dst_top    |
		| src (moved down) and dst|            |
		+-------------------------+ src_bot    |
		| dst (still in SR)       |            |
		|=========================| dst_bot    |
		| (clipped below SR)      |            v

	cols is always zero in this version of Nvim, and reserved for future

	Note when updating code from ui-grid-old events: ranges are
	end-exclusive, which is consistent with API conventions, but different
	from set_scroll_region which was end-inclusive.

	The scrolled-in area will be filled using ui-event-grid_line directly
	after the scroll event. The UI thus doesn't need to clear this area as
	part of handling the scroll event.

Grid Events (cell-based)					   ui-grid-old

This is the legacy representation of the screen grid, emitted if ui-linegrid
is not active. New UIs should implement ui-linegrid instead.

["resize", width, height] 
	The grid is resized to width and height cells.

	Clear the grid.

	Clear from the cursor position to the end of the current line.

["cursor_goto", row, col] 
	Move the cursor to position (row, col). Currently, the same cursor is
	used to define the position for text insertion and the visible cursor.
	However, only the last cursor position, after processing the entire
	array in the "redraw" event, is intended to be a visible cursor

["update_fg", color] 
["update_bg", color] 
["update_sp", color] 
	Set the default foreground, background and special colors

["highlight_set", attrs] 
	Set the attributes that the next text put on the grid will have.
	attrs is a dict with the keys below. Any absent key is reset
	to its default value. Color defaults are set by the update_fg etc
	updates. All boolean keys default to false.

	foreground:  	foreground color.
	background:  	background color.
	special:  	color to use for various underlines, when present.
	reverse:  	reverse video. Foreground and background colors are
	italic:  	italic text.
	bold:  		bold text.
	strikethrough:  struckthrough text.
	underline:  	underlined text. The line has special color.
	undercurl:  	undercurled text. The curl has special color.
	underdouble:  	double underlined text. The lines have special color.
	underdotted:  	underdotted text. The dots have special color.
	underdashed:  	underdashed text. The dashes have special color.

["put", text] 
	The (utf-8 encoded) string text is put at the cursor position
	(and the cursor is advanced), with the highlights as set by the
	last highlight_set update.

["set_scroll_region", top, bot, left, right] 
	Define the scroll region used by scroll below.

	Note: ranges are end-inclusive, which is inconsistent with API

["scroll", count] 
	Scroll the text in the scroll region. The diagrams below illustrate
	what will happen, depending on the scroll direction. "=" is used to
	represent the SR(scroll region) boundaries and "-" the moved rectangles.
	Note that dst and src share a common region.

	If count is bigger than 0, move a rectangle in the SR up, this can
	happen while scrolling down.

		| (clipped above SR)      |            ^
		|=========================| dst_top    |
		| dst (still in SR)       |            |
		+-------------------------+ src_top    |
		| src (moved up) and dst  |            |
		|-------------------------| dst_bot    |
		| src (cleared)           |            |
		+=========================+ src_bot

	If count is less than zero, move a rectangle in the SR down, this can
	happen while scrolling up.

		+=========================+ src_top
		| src (cleared)           |            |
		|------------------------ | dst_top    |
		| src (moved down) and dst|            |
		+-------------------------+ src_bot    |
		| dst (still in SR)       |            |
		|=========================| dst_bot    |
		| (clipped below SR)      |            v

Detailed highlight state Extension				  ui-hlstate

Activated by the ext_hlstate ui-option.
Activates ui-linegrid implicitly.

By default Nvim will only describe grid cells using the final calculated
highlight attributes, as described by the dict keys in ui-event-highlight_set.
The ext_hlstate extension allows to the UI to also receive a semantic
description of the highlights active in a cell. In this mode highlights will be
predefined in a table, see ui-event-hl_attr_define and ui-event-grid_line.
The info parameter in hl_attr_define will contain a semantic description
of the highlights. As highlight groups can be combined, this will be an array
of items, with the item with highest priority last. Each item is a dictionary
with the following possible keys:

    kind:  	always present. One of the following values:
	"ui":       Builtin UI highlight. highlight-groups
	"syntax":   Highlight applied to a buffer by a syntax declaration or
		    other runtime/plugin functionality such as
	"terminal": highlight from a process running in a terminal-emulator.
		    Contains no further semantic information.
    ui_name:  	Highlight name from highlight-groups. Only for "ui" kind.
    hi_name:  	Name of the final :highlight group where the used
		attributes are defined.
    id:  	Unique numeric id representing this item.

Note: "ui" items will have both ui_name and hi_name present. These can
differ, because the builtin group was linked to another group :hi-link , or
because 'winhighlight' was used. UI items will be transmitted, even if the
highlight group is cleared, so ui_name can always be used to reliably identify
screen elements, even if no attributes have been applied.

Multigrid Events						 ui-multigrid

Activated by the ext_multigrid ui-option.
Activates ui-linegrid implicitly.

See ui-linegrid for grid events.
See nvim_ui_try_resize_grid() to request changing the grid size.
See nvim_input_mouse() for sending mouse events to Nvim.

The multigrid extension gives UIs more control over how windows are displayed:
- UIs receive updates on a separate grid for each window.
- UIs can set the grid size independently of how much space the window
  occupies on the global layout. So the UI could use a different font size
  per-window. Or reserve space around the border of the window for its own
  elements, such as scrollbars from the UI toolkit.
- A dedicated grid is used for messages, which may scroll over the window
  area. (Alternatively ui-messages can be used).

By default, the grid size is handled by Nvim and set to the outer grid size
(i.e. the size of the window frame in Nvim) whenever the split is created.
Once a UI sets a grid size, Nvim does not handle the size for that grid and
the UI must change the grid size whenever the outer size is changed. To
delegate grid-size handling back to Nvim, request the size (0, 0).

A window can be hidden and redisplayed without its grid being deallocated.
This can happen multiple times for the same window, for instance when switching

["win_pos", grid, win, start_row, start_col, width, height] 
	Set the position and size of the grid in Nvim (i.e. the outer grid
	size). If the window was previously hidden, it should now be shown

["win_float_pos", grid, win, anchor, anchor_grid, anchor_row, anchor_col, focusable] 
	Display or reconfigure floating window win. The window should be
	displayed above another grid anchor_grid at the specified position
	anchor_row and anchor_col. For the meaning of anchor and more
	details of positioning, see nvim_open_win().

["win_external_pos", grid, win] 
	Display or reconfigure external window win. The window should be
	displayed as a separate top-level window in the desktop environment,
	or something similar.

["win_hide", grid] 
	Stop displaying the window. The window can be shown again later.

["win_close", grid] 
	Close the window.

["msg_set_pos", grid, row, scrolled, sep_char] 
	Display messages on grid.  The grid will be displayed at row on
	the default grid (grid=1), covering the full column width. scrolled
	indicates whether the message area has been scrolled to cover other
	grids. It can be useful to draw a separator then msgsep. The Builtin
	TUI draws a full line filled with sep_char ('fillchars' msgsep
	field) and hl-MsgSeparator highlight.

	When ui-messages is active, no message grid is used, and this event
	will not be sent.

["win_viewport", grid, win, topline, botline, curline, curcol, line_count, scroll_delta] 
	Indicates the range of buffer text displayed in the window, as well
	as the cursor position in the buffer. All positions are zero-based.
	botline is set to one more than the line count of the buffer, if
	there are filler lines past the end. scroll_delta contains how much
	the top line of a window moved since win_viewport was last emitted.
	It is intended to be used to implement smooth scrolling. For this
	purpose it only counts "virtual" or "displayed" lines, so folds
	only count as one line. When scrolling more than a full screen it is
	an approximate value.

	All updates, such as grid_line, in a batch affects the new viewport,
	despite the fact that win_viewport is received after the updates.
	Applications implementing, for example, smooth scrolling should take
	this into account and keep the grid separated from what's displayed on
	the screen and copy it to the viewport destination once win_viewport
	is received.

["win_viewport_margins", grid, win, top, bottom, left, right] 
	Indicates the margins of a window grid which are _not_ part of the
	viewport as indicated by the win_viewport event. This happens
	e.g. in the presence of 'winbar' and floating window borders.

["win_extmark", grid, win, ns_id, mark_id, row, col] 
	Updates the position of an extmark which is currently visible in a
	window. Only emitted if the mark has the ui_watched attribute.

Popupmenu Events						 ui-popupmenu

Activated by the ext_popupmenu ui-option.

This UI extension delegates presentation of the popupmenu-completion and
command-line 'wildmenu'.

["popupmenu_show", items, selected, row, col, grid] 
	Show popupmenu-completion. items is an array of completion items
	to show; each item is an array of the form [word, kind, menu, info] as
	defined at complete-items, except that word is replaced by abbr
	if present.  selected is the initially-selected item, a zero-based
	index into the array of items (-1 if no item is selected). row and
	col give the anchor position, where the first character of the
	completed word will be. When ui-multigrid is used, grid is the
	grid for the anchor position. When ext_cmdline is active, grid is
	set to -1 to indicate the popupmenu should be anchored to the external
	cmdline. Then col will be a byte position in the cmdline text.

["popupmenu_select", selected] 
	Select an item in the current popupmenu. selected is a zero-based
	index into the array of items from the last popupmenu_show event, or
	-1 if no item is selected.

	Hide the popupmenu.

Tabline Events							   ui-tabline

Activated by the ext_tabline ui-option.

["tabline_update", curtab, tabs, curbuf, buffers] 
	Tabline was updated. UIs should present this data in a custom tabline
	widget. Note: options curbuf + buffers were added in API7.
	curtab:   Current Tabpage
	tabs:     List of Dicts [{ "tab": Tabpage, "name": String }, ...]
	curbuf:   Current buffer handle.
	buffers:  List of Dicts [{ "buffer": buffer handle, "name": String}, ...]

Cmdline Events							   ui-cmdline

Activated by the ext_cmdline ui-option.

This UI extension delegates presentation of the cmdline (except 'wildmenu').
For command-line 'wildmenu' UI events, activate ui-popupmenu.

["cmdline_show", content, pos, firstc, prompt, indent, level] 
        content: List of [attrs, string]
	         [[{}, "t"], [attrs, "est"], ...]

	Triggered when the cmdline is displayed or changed.
	The content is the full content that should be displayed in the
	cmdline, and the pos is the position of the cursor that in the
	cmdline. The content is divided into chunks with different highlight
	attributes represented as a dict (see ui-event-highlight_set).

	firstc and prompt are text, that if non-empty should be
	displayed in front of the command line. firstc always indicates
	built-in command lines such as : (ex command) and / ? (search),
	while prompt is an input() prompt. indent tells how many spaces
	the content should be indented.

	The Nvim command line can be invoked recursively, for instance by
	typing <c-r>= at the command line prompt. The level field is used
	to distinguish different command lines active at the same time. The
	first invoked command line has level 1, the next recursively-invoked
	prompt has level 2. A command line invoked from the cmdline-window
	has a higher level than the edited command line.

["cmdline_pos", pos, level] 
	Change the cursor position in the cmdline.

["cmdline_special_char", c, shift, level] 
	Display a special char in the cmdline at the cursor position. This is
	typically used to indicate a pending state, e.g. after c_CTRL-V. If
	shift is true the text after the cursor should be shifted, otherwise
	it should overwrite the char at the cursor.

	Should be hidden at next cmdline_show.

	Hide the cmdline.

["cmdline_block_show", lines] 
	Show a block of context to the current command line. For example if
	the user defines a :function interactively: 
	    :function Foo()
	    :  echo "foo"

	lines is a list of lines of highlighted chunks, in the same form as
	the "cmdline_show" contents parameter.

["cmdline_block_append", line] 
	Append a line at the end of the currently shown block.

	Hide the block.

Message/Dialog Events					   ui-messages

Activated by the ext_messages ui-option.
Activates ui-linegrid and ui-cmdline implicitly.

This UI extension delegates presentation of messages and dialogs. Messages
that would otherwise render in the message/cmdline screen space, are emitted
as UI events.

Nvim will not allocate screen space for the cmdline or messages. 'cmdheight'
will be set to zero, but can be changed and used for the replacing cmdline or
message window. Cmdline state is emitted as ui-cmdline events, which the UI
must handle.

["msg_show", kind, content, replace_last] 
	Display a message to the user.

	    Name indicating the message kind:
		"" (empty)	Unknown (consider a feature-request: bugs)
		"confirm"	confirm() or :confirm dialog
		"confirm_sub"	:substitute confirm dialog :s_c
		"emsg"		Error (errors, internal error, :throw,)
		"echo"		:echo message
		"echomsg"	:echomsg message
		"echoerr"	:echoerr message
		"lua_error"	Error in :lua code
		"rpc_error"	Error response from rpcrequest()
		"return_prompt"	press-enter prompt after a multiple messages
		"quickfix"	Quickfix navigation message
		"search_count"	Search count message ("S" flag of 'shortmess')
		"wmsg"		Warning ("search hit BOTTOM", W10,)
	    New kinds may be added in the future; clients should treat unknown
	    kinds as the empty kind.

	    Array of `[attr_id, text_chunk]` tuples, building up the message
	    text of chunks of different highlights. No extra spacing should be
	    added between chunks, the text_chunk by itself contains any
	    necessary whitespace. Messages can contain line breaks "\n".

	    Decides how multiple messages should be displayed:
	    false: Display the message together with all previous messages
		   that are still visible.
	    true:  Replace the message in the most-recent msg_show call,
		   but any other visible message should still remain.

	Clear all messages currently displayed by "msg_show". (Messages sent
	by other "msg_" events below will not be affected).

["msg_showmode", content] 
	Shows 'showmode' and recording messages. content has the same
	format as in "msg_show". This event is sent with empty content to
	hide the last message.

["msg_showcmd", content] 
	Shows 'showcmd' messages. content has the same format as in "msg_show".
	This event is sent with empty content to hide the last message.

["msg_ruler", content] 
	Used to display 'ruler' when there is no space for the ruler in a
	statusline. content has the same format as in "msg_show". This event is
	sent with empty content to hide the last message.

["msg_history_show", entries] 
	Sent when :messages command is invoked. History is sent as a list of
	entries, where each entry is a `[kind, content]` tuple.

	Clear the :messages history.


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